to provide man with a new dwelling implies something more than the building of modern houses.Man does not only "dwell" in his own home,he also dwells together with his fellow men in public instituations and urban spaces.A comprehensive identification in hence nessesary to experience belonging and participation.The object of this identification is the quality of place,which is determined by natural as well as man_made structures.the ultimate aim of architecture is therefore the creation preservation of places.Let us repeat that a place maybe understood as a synthesis of spatial organization and built form(analogusly,dwelling is a synthesis of orientaion and identification),and that its meaning is rvealed by means of an architectural language or tradition.We could also say that architecture is not only the question of HOW and WHAT ,but of WHERE as WELL.
our final question therefore ,is whether modern architecture has succeeded in creating satisfactory places for the new way of life.a modern place is still a place in the sence of having an identity of its own.at the same time ,however ,it has to prossessa virtual openness which indicates the simultaneous presence of "innumerable places" .We have suggested that some of the necessary tools to solve this problem have been developed,that is ,the new conception of space and form.
We have also poined out that these tools have been taken into use to solve those building tasks which determine the man_made place.Finally we have reminded of the fact that the modern movment already a long time ago recognized the need for a new monumentality and a new regionalism,that is ,for new symbolic forms.
The prerequisites for the creation of contemporary places are there,and we may also point to many signficant contributions to the concrete solution of the problem.In the following chapter we shall discuss the"HOW" ,the "WHAT" and the "WHERE" of modern architecture in detail,and also indicate short_comings and possible developments.
Before we continue our investigation ,we have,however,to mention some dangers which have disturbed and hampered the growth of the new tradition.In general they are a result of the onesided belief in reason and the spilt of thinking and feeling which stems from Elightenment.Evidently modern architecture was not intended as an alternative to rational technology,but rather as a complement.the pioneers accepted the new world ,but wanted to regain the artistic dimension it had forgotten during its infancy.The Eiffel_tower remains a splendid expression of this aim.although the pioneers succeeded in their concrete works, the methods used however lagged behind.
to be Continuous...
موضوع مطلب :